Hedge –bindweed is often abundant in early old fields but is gone by 30 years post-abandonment. It is initially successful because t poisons other species which grow nearby, a characteristic allelopathy. However, the buid-up of the toxins in the soil eventually poisons Hedge-bindweed itself.
Eastern Forests Kricher J.C. and Morrison, Gordon Peterson Field Guides
Up in the upper
crowded with alders
to the ground
by the land